Answer the following questions. 1. List out the things where beauty can be seen during the day. The Sunlight, the tree, the birds, growing corn, people working and dancing.
2. Poet Says eauty is heard in the night. Pik out any two things of beauty from the poem that are seen at night. Wind sighing, rain falling.
3. Read the first and second stanzas of the poem again. Note the following phrases. Corn growing, people working of dancing, wind sighing, rain falling, a singer hanting…… These could be written as Corn that is growing People who are working of dancing. Can you rewrite the other phrases like this? Why do you think the poet uses the shorter phrases? Wind that was sighing, rain that was falling, as singer who is chanting, 4. The poet says Beauty is seen and Beauty is heard. List out the beautiful things you have seen or heard. Beauty is seen- Flower, rainbow, forest, dancing peacock. Beauty is heard.- waterfall sound, birds singing, roaring waves. 5. The Poet says Beauty is in yourself. What things does she mention here? When does she want us to follow them? Good deeds, happy thoughts that repeat themselves in your dreams.
According to me a good school is one where boys get living education. The school should give scope to all the students to develop their natural tastes of their liking if they prefer music or spinning painting etc.
They should be taught accordingly. It is better to keep the boys away from the bookish knowledge. Students must be allowed to take part in sports and game. In good school scope should be provided for meditation and boys must be allowed to ask questions to their teachers and gain knowledge. I don’t want that boys in the school would be passive listeners. ‘Prayer, singing hymns meditation all these should become part of education. If the instruction is given in the open air instead of classrooms boys enjoy. Education in different Handicrafts will prepare boys for their future life.
6) Write a few lines about your school using the following clues. Our School is located in the heart of the city. The name of our School is National School. It is located near the temple of Saibaba. The building of our School is beautiful and solid. There is a beautiful garden in front of our school. There is vast playground behind the school building we play different games after school hours. There are good experienced and learned teachers in our School. They take utmost interest in teaching us. They allow us to ask questions and solve our problems. There is a big laboratory. All the facilities for experiments are available Teachers help us to conduct experiments. Students are allowed to play different games like football, Cricket, hockey, kabaddi, basketball etc. Our school is a model School; It prepares good citizens of our country.
1) Who named the School Shantiniketan? Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore named the School Shantiniketan.
2) When does the day in Shantiniketan begin? The day begins long before the sunrise.
3) What is termed by Gurudev as the darling of our hearts? Shantinikethan is termed as darling of our hearts by Gurudev.
4) Which phrase is used in paragraph to mean both the old the young people? The Phrase used is “old and young alike” 5) The boys in Shantinlketan get up early in the morning. Who else are the early risers? The Choristers and the birds on the amloki groves are early risers.
II. Answer the following questions.
1) What kind of work do the boys practise in the afternoon? In the afternoon boys practise the work chiefly with hands as well as with the mind. Hand work is practised.
2) What are Shantinikethan boys famous for? Shantinikethan boys are famous for their sports and games.
3) How do the boys spend evenings before they go to bed? Before they go to bed some fairy tales are told, short dramas are recited Gurudeva’s songs are sung and different school gatherings are held.
4) Read the second Paragraph carefully what it describes is_ Ans- (b) the song of the choristers.
III. Read and discuss. Then write:
1) What is the effect of the song of the choristers on the listeners? The Choristers are the first to rise and they go round the Ashram singing their morning hymn, you can hear the voices in distance drawing nearer and nearer and then the sound dies away as choir passes on to another port of the Ashram and then again it comes nearer and near. The beauty of the sound in the silent morning air and the sense of joy and reverence which it brings give peace to the soul.
2) How are the classes held in the afternoon in Shantiniketan? In the afternoon classes begin again but at this time the work is chiefly with hands as well as handiwork is practised and the boys own natural tastes are very soon discovered. Some prefer carpentry others prefer mechanical work others enjoy spinning and weaving others become skilled in draftsman or painters other are musicians
3) How do the boys spend their evenings in Shantiniketan? In the evening at sunset they return from their fields and sit down once more for a short time to meditate, in silence.
4) How are the classes at Shantiniketan different from the classes in other schools? In other School’s all the boys are made to learn certain subjects. They do not give scope for the development of natural facts. Only bookish knowledge is important. Teachers do not take interest in discovering natural talents of the students. But in Shantiniketan work of books is less. School is conducted in the open air. Boys are allowed to ask questions. Instead of 40 to 50 boys, there will be group of 8 to 10 boys. Teachers take keen interest. The boy is allowed to practise and learn in which he is interested. It may be carpentry, painting, music, spinning or weaving. The education here is the ‘living education.’
5) How does Shantiniketan prepare the boys for life? The education here is the living education. Boys are taught according to their tastes and preferences. They enjoy learning and become exports in the subject of their liking. That is how Shantiniketan prepares boys for life. IV. Living Education Unimaginative Instruction Meditating learners Learning outside in nature, Students asking questions to Teachers Experimenting Creative thinking. Identifying, students natural tastes. Memorizing, punishing dictating notes, Passive listeners, bookish learning