Lord Wellesley (1798-1805)

and the Subsidiary Alliance:
The expansion of the British Empire took place in a larger pace after the arrival of Lord Wellesley as the Governor General of India.

By this time, the powerful states of Marathas and Mysore had become weak and the expansion was easier. Lord Wellesley followed three policies to expand the British Empire in India. They were: Subsidiary Alliance, Waging war against new states and administering the states directly that were under the control of the British.
Subsidiary Alliance:

Lord Wellesley brought this policy into effect in 1798 in order bring the Indian states under control. This was basically a Military Protection agreement between the East India Company and the Indian State.
The Conditions of Subsidiary Alliance:
1. The Indian King had to keep the British Army in his kingdom.
2. The concerned state had to bear the expenses of the army and the wages of soldiers, and also had to give certain revenue lands as well.
3. The King has to have a British Resident in his Court.
4. The King could not appoint any other European without the permission of the British.
5. In order to enter any agreement or pact with any Indian Government, the permission of the Governor General was mandatory.
6. In return of all these services, the Company would offer protection to the state from any internal or external aggression.
The British could place Indian state under their control through this policy and the maintenance of the army became easy. The Indian states were subjected severe economic exploitation. The Hyderabad State was the first state to enter this agreement. Later, Mysore, Awadh, Tanjavore, Maratha, Poona, Birar, Gwalior and other states entered this agreement.

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